Banská Štiavnica – city in the core of Sitno vulcan.
Historic city Banská Štiavnica (located in caldere of Sitno vulcan) is listed on UNESCO worldwide cultural and natural heritage since December 1993. Destiny of the city is closely linked to rich revelation of dry metals, mainly silver. City was settled by Celts in 3.-2. century BC, who had been minig gold out of andesite. The first written record about city is from 1156, which is mentioned as terra banensium – miners area. Tyrol and Saxony settlers came to this area in 13th century, the first written record of silver mining is from 1217, in the year 1238 city obtained „city privileges“ and there is first officialy sealed document from the year 1275.